Source code for flask.views

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

    This module provides class-based views inspired by the ones in Django.

    :copyright: (c) 2011 by Armin Ronacher.
    :license: BSD, see LICENSE for more details.
from .globals import request
from ._compat import with_metaclass

http_method_funcs = frozenset(['get', 'post', 'head', 'options',
                               'delete', 'put', 'trace', 'patch'])

class View(object):
    """Alternative way to use view functions.  A subclass has to implement
    :meth:`dispatch_request` which is called with the view arguments from
    the URL routing system.  If :attr:`methods` is provided the methods
    do not have to be passed to the :meth:`~flask.Flask.add_url_rule`
    method explicitly::

        class MyView(View):
            methods = ['GET']

            def dispatch_request(self, name):
                return 'Hello %s!' % name

        app.add_url_rule('/hello/<name>', view_func=MyView.as_view('myview'))

    When you want to decorate a pluggable view you will have to either do that
    when the view function is created (by wrapping the return value of
    :meth:`as_view`) or you can use the :attr:`decorators` attribute::

        class SecretView(View):
            methods = ['GET']
            decorators = [superuser_required]

            def dispatch_request(self):

    The decorators stored in the decorators list are applied one after another
    when the view function is created.  Note that you can *not* use the class
    based decorators since those would decorate the view class and not the
    generated view function!

    #: A for which methods this pluggable view can handle.
    methods = None

    #: The canonical way to decorate class-based views is to decorate the
    #: return value of as_view().  However since this moves parts of the
    #: logic from the class declaration to the place where it's hooked
    #: into the routing system.
    #: You can place one or more decorators in this list and whenever the
    #: view function is created the result is automatically decorated.
    #: .. versionadded:: 0.8
    decorators = []

    def dispatch_request(self):
        """Subclasses have to override this method to implement the
        actual view function code.  This method is called with all
        the arguments from the URL rule.
        raise NotImplementedError()

    def as_view(cls, name, *class_args, **class_kwargs):
        """Converts the class into an actual view function that can be used
        with the routing system.  Internally this generates a function on the
        fly which will instantiate the :class:`View` on each request and call
        the :meth:`dispatch_request` method on it.

        The arguments passed to :meth:`as_view` are forwarded to the
        constructor of the class.
        def view(*args, **kwargs):
            self = view.view_class(*class_args, **class_kwargs)
            return self.dispatch_request(*args, **kwargs)

        if cls.decorators:
            view.__name__ = name
            view.__module__ = cls.__module__
            for decorator in cls.decorators:
                view = decorator(view)

        # we attach the view class to the view function for two reasons:
        # first of all it allows us to easily figure out what class-based
        # view this thing came from, secondly it's also used for instantiating
        # the view class so you can actually replace it with something else
        # for testing purposes and debugging.
        view.view_class = cls
        view.__name__ = name
        view.__doc__ = cls.__doc__
        view.__module__ = cls.__module__
        view.methods = cls.methods
        return view

class MethodViewType(type):

    def __new__(cls, name, bases, d):
        rv = type.__new__(cls, name, bases, d)
        if 'methods' not in d:
            methods = set(rv.methods or [])
            for key in d:
                if key in http_method_funcs:
            # if we have no method at all in there we don't want to
            # add a method list.  (This is for instance the case for
            # the baseclass or another subclass of a base method view
            # that does not introduce new methods).
            if methods:
                rv.methods = sorted(methods)
        return rv

class MethodView(with_metaclass(MethodViewType, View)):
    """Like a regular class-based view but that dispatches requests to
    particular methods.  For instance if you implement a method called
    :meth:`get` it means you will response to ``'GET'`` requests and
    the :meth:`dispatch_request` implementation will automatically
    forward your request to that.  Also :attr:`options` is set for you

        class CounterAPI(MethodView):

            def get(self):
                return session.get('counter', 0)

            def post(self):
                session['counter'] = session.get('counter', 0) + 1
                return 'OK'

        app.add_url_rule('/counter', view_func=CounterAPI.as_view('counter'))
    def dispatch_request(self, *args, **kwargs):
        meth = getattr(self, request.method.lower(), None)
        # if the request method is HEAD and we don't have a handler for it
        # retry with GET
        if meth is None and request.method == 'HEAD':
            meth = getattr(self, 'get', None)
        assert meth is not None, 'Unimplemented method %r' % request.method
        return meth(*args, **kwargs)